Tabung Shopping Kami

Man & Leen

Daisypath Anniversary tickers

Daisypath Friendship tickers

Daisypath Friendship tickers

Amirul Haziq

Lilypie Kids Birthday tickers

Tasymin Nur Auni

Lilypie First Birthday tickers

Monday, March 21, 2011

:: Definition of Adenovirus ::

Mama Leen just nak sharing sikit info yg mama dpt dari internet... kengkawan pon mesti dah dgr kan berita pasal adenovirus ni.... nama sikit kelakar... tp kesannya boleh membawa maut... jadi mari kita share sama2 k... 

Adenovirus: A group of viruses responsible for a spectrum of respiratory disease as well as infection of the stomach and intestine (gastroenteritis), eyes (conjunctivitis), and bladder (cystitis) and rash. Adenovirus respiratory diseases include a form of the common coldpneumoniacroup, and bronchitis. Patients with compromised immune systems are especially susceptible to severe complications of adenovirus infection. Acute respiratory disease (ARD), a disorder first recognized among military recruits during World War II, can be caused by adenovirus infections under conditions of crowding and stress.
Adenoviruses are transmitted by direct contact, fecal-oral transmission, and occasionally waterborne transmission. Some types of adenoviruses are capable of establishing persistent asymptomatic infections in the tonsilsadenoids, and intestines. Shedding of the virus can occur for months or years after the initial infection.
Some types of adenoviruses are endemic (constantly present) in some parts of the world, and infection is usually acquired during childhood. Other types of adenoviruses cause sporadic infection and occasional outbreaks. For example,epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (eye infection) is associated with certain adenoviruses (serotypes 8, 19, and 37). Epidemics of fever with conjunctivitis are associated with waterborne transmission of some adenovirus types, often centering around inadequately chlorinated swimming pools and small lakes. ARD is most often associated with adenovirus types 4 and 7 in the US. Enteric adenoviruses 40 and 41 cause gastroenteritis, usually in children.
The clinical spectrum of disease associated with certain adenoviruses depends on the site of infection. For example, infection with adenovirus 7 acquired by inhalation is associated with severe lower respiratory tract disease, whereas oral transmission of the virus typically causes no or mild disease.
Outbreaks of adenovirus-associated respiratory disease have been more common in the late winter, spring, and early summer. However, adenovirus infections can occur throughout the year.
Adenovirus infection is diagnosed in the laboratory by antigen detection,polymerase chain reaction (PCR), virus isolation, and serology. Since adenovirus can be excreted for prolonged periods, the presence of virus does not necessarily mean it is associated with disease.
There are no effective medications to treat adenovirus infection. Adenovirus infections typically do not cause permanent problems or death. The exceptions are infection in an immunodeficient patient and ARD which can be fatal.
Vaccines were developed for adenovirus serotypes 4 and 7, but were available only for preventing ARD among military recruits. Beginning in 1971, all (American) military recruits were vaccinated against adenovirus, but the sole manufacturer of the vaccine halted production in 1996. And as supplies dwindled, adenoviral infection reemerged in the US military.
Strict attention to good infection-control practices is effective for stoppingnosocomial (hospital-based) outbreaks of adenovirus-associated disease, such as epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. Maintaining adequate levels of chlorination is necessary for preventing swimming pool-associated outbreaks of adenovirus conjunctivitis.
The virus is approximately 70 nanometers in diameter and contains DNA. Over 40 types of adenoviruses have been recognized. Adenoviruses can be genetically modified for use in gene therapy.

Kalau kengkawan ada gejala demam, batuk dan selsema g la check up k... Mama pon takot ni... sbb skang mama tgh batuk dan selsema..... ada asthma lak tu lg kena hati2....  

Untuk info lengkap boleh klik sini

Sharing is caring kan......

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...